8 Types of Service Dogs and How They Help People

Service Dogs

People with disabilities like autism or muscular dystrophy greatly benefit from service dogs.

These devoted pets assist their owners with daily chores; some have been trained to help those with diabetes, epilepsy, or PTSD. In addition to becoming devoted friends, service dogs play a significant practical role in the lives of their partners.

Service dogs are trained to carry out certain activities for people with disabilities per the Americans with Disabilities Act. These impairments can be physical, sensory, mental, intellectual, or psychiatric.


Service Dogs


Due to their complete public access privileges, service dogs are permitted in areas where other animals are not. This includes dining establishments, libraries, and transit systems. Although there isn’t a single, widely-accepted list of service dog breeds, we’ll go through some of the more popular ones later in this article. This article will describe service dogs, go over common breeds, and look at the different kinds of service dogs that are out there. The advantages of service dogs for persons with impairments will also be discussed.

There are several kinds of service dogs, and each has a variety of exceptional qualities and advantages. In more detail, let’s examine each type and the advantages of companion dogs for individuals with impairments.

  1. Allergy Dogs

These dogs have undergone specialized training to enable them to detect and alert their owners to the odor of allergies such as those to eggs, gluten, or peanuts. Food allergies are becoming more common, and some people have anaphylactic shock after handling even a small amount of an allergen. Allergy-detecting dogs may smell an allergen before their owner even comes into touch with it.

Children and allergy detection dogs are frequently partnered because kids are more prone than adults to have severe allergies. This gives youngsters greater autonomy while giving their parents more security and comfort. Most allergy detection canines wear jackets with pockets for prescriptions and medical records. The vest frequently has a patch instructing first responders to check their pockets in an emergency. Before choosing your service dog, you need to understand the service dog definition for you that will help you to relieve your pain. Either you need your dog to detect allergies, help in the behavior, or for aids like hearing or smell.

  1. Service Dogs for Autism

Service dogs trained to help those with autism navigate social circumstances are regularly paired with young children. Many autistic people find it hard to interact with others and understand social signs. Dogs may help autistic people feel secure and regular, and they are the perfect topic for conversation.

Children with autism can connect with their peers thanks to autism support dogs, which can help them feel more confident. Additionally, dogs provide unrestricted love and companionship, which can help autistic people with their communication skills and emotional control. Service dogs for autism are taught to stop autistic children from escaping and to find them if they do. They can also stop lousy conduct or warn the parents of an autistic child about a potentially dangerous circumstance. Autism service dogs should carry emergency procedures and contact information if their partner is a small child or is nonverbal.

  1. Dogs that detect diabetes

These service dogs have been trained to warn their owners of potentially fatal blood sugar highs and lows (hyperglycemia) (hypoglycemia). Diabetes-alert dogs give their owners greater freedom and security than other service dogs.

When their owner requires medical attention, diabetic alert dogs are generally also taught to inform neighbors or sound an alarm. Additionally, these canines should have emergency protocols in their vests so that first responders know what to do.

  1. Guide dogs

The most well-known type of service animal is perhaps the guide dog, which helps individuals who are blind or have low vision issues. These dogs frequently wear a modified harness with a handle for their owner to grip instead of a vest.

Guide dogs engage referred to be selective disobedience, unlike other assistance animals. However, they follow orders but still make decisions depending on their evaluation of the circumstances. For instance, a labradoodle or a poodle, both of which are hypoallergenic, might be chosen by couples who suffer from allergies.

  1. Detection dogs or Hearing dogs

The dog will warn the owner and take them to the sounds when it detects a specific trigger. These indications include smoke or fire alarms, doorbells, knocking on doors, phones, alarm clocks, and even the person’s name.

They hear dogs boost their partners’ freedom and awareness both within and outside the home, just like other support dogs do. Labradors, golden retrievers, cocker spaniels, and poodles are popular breeds (miniature or standard). Although they are not needed to, some owners dress their hearing dogs in vibrant orange.

  1. Assistance Dogs for the Disabled

Mobility assistance dogs are a shared resource for persons with impairments who need aid with daily duties. This entails getting things back, opening doors, pushing buttons for automatic doors. Service dogs are paired with individuals who have:

  • spinal cord damage
  • brain damage
  • skeletal dystrophy
  • Arthritis
  • spinal palsy

Some dogs that provide assistance are trained expressly to support people who have balance problems. Bracing dogs must weigh more than 55 pounds and be strong enough to support their owner. They frequently have harnesses created specifically for them that allow them to assist their owner. Some canines that aid in mobility also have wheelchair support training for their owners. They can open doors, retrieve items, and assist with transfers to chairs, beds, or bathtubs. If they have a particular harness on, they may be able to assist in pushing the wheelchair of their owner.

  1. Psychological Assistance Dogs

These companion animals are trained to assist people with depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). When their owner is about to encounter unpleasant symptoms like an anxiety attack or a flashback, they can feel a change in their owner. Service dogs provide several advantages for PTSD, sadness, and anxiety. If they own a service dog, people with depression and anxiety may experience pressure to look after themselves and interact with others.

Assistance dogs can also help veterans who commonly experience PTSD. Psychiatric service dogs may put up a physical barrier between their owners and other people in order to safeguard their owner’s privacy. Additionally, support dogs can give their spouses more confidence when they enter their homes. They undergo considerable training, like other assistance dogs, and aren’t considered pets by the law.

  1. Seizure Alert Dogs

These service dogs support people before, during, and after a seizure. This comprises:

  • Helping their spouse regain consciousness after a seizure.
  • Repositioning their body if they are having a seizure in a dangerous area.
  • Deep pressure stimulation is used to stop their partner’s seizure early.
  • Supplying them with medication as they recover from a seizure.

There is disagreement among scientists and medical experts as to whether seizure alert canines can be trained. Some individuals think it’s possible to train dogs to detect seizures. Others, though, think that a dog would naturally act this way because of intuition and its link with its human partner.


Many dog owners would agree that their dogs are their most incredible friends. Still, many people with particular physical, neurological, or mental health issues also find that various service dogs are vital allies in daily life. Most of these service dog breeds are permitted in locations where pet dogs are not. These articles discuss the benefits of eight different kinds of service dogs.


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